 Buchanan Elementary School
 Curriculum

Reading Standards
Here are priority standards that we will focus on this year:
Reading Foundations
 Know and apply gradelevel phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
 Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
Reading Literature Ask and answer Who, What, Where, When, Why and How questions.
 Retell stories (including fables and folktales).
 Determine the central message, lesson, or moral of stories, fables, and folktales.
 Describe characters (character traits).
 Describe how characters respond to events and challenges.
Reading Information Ask and answer Who, What, Where, When, Why and How questions.
 Identify the main idea of a multiparagraph text.
 Identify the focus of paragraphs in a text.
 Tell how ideas are connected.
Reading includes three parts: decoding (saying the words), fluency (smooth, expressive reading), and comprehension.
Decoding strategies include: Getting your mouth ready
 Looking for chunks you know (ex. "at")
 Looking for picture clues
 Think about the story. What word would be make sense?
 Does it look right?
 Does it sound right?
 Does it make sense?
Comprehension strategies include:
 Schema and making connections
 Visualizing/sensory images
 Questioning/wondering
 Inferring
 Determining importance
 Synthesizing

2nd Grade HighFrequency/Word Wall Words
Second Grade High Frequency Word List
Updated: September 1, 2017
about
clothes
its
show
today
across
color
just
sky
together
after
done
keep
start
try
almost
dear
know
something
under
always
door
little
sure
until
any
draw
mother
take
use
anything
drink
much
tell
which
around
each
next
than
while
ask
father
once
think
wish
become
found
only
their
won’t
been
four
open
them
work
before
gave
pick
there
world
behind
goes
read
these
would
both
high
right
think
write
buy
home
room
they’re
year
can’t
I’m
school
those
yesterday
close
it’s
should
though
you’re

1st Grade HighFrequency/Word Wall Words
First Grade High Frequency Word List
Updated: September 1, 2017
all
came
didn’t
again
away
have
don’t
because
back
help
eat
could
big
next
from
does
her
now
give
every
over
one
good
laugh
this
some
make
many
want
then
of
new
who
was
out
night
with
what
saw
very
when
why
were
walk
Additional First Grade Words
an
by
do
love
had
how
his
put
did
best
get
but
him
too
that
two
has
our
if
say
or
run
us
find
as
jump

K HighFrequency/Word Wall Words
Kindergarten High Frequency Word List
Updated: September 1, 2017
a
dad
and
day
I
he
are
down
no
in
come
into
am
it
for
looking
at
look
got
she
can
mom
here
they
go
my
not
went
is
on
play
where
like
up
said
will
me
we
you
your
see
the
to

Writing Standards
Current focus: Getting Startesd
Priority standards that we will focus on this year in writing include:
* Write opinion pieces that include: stating an opinion, giving reasons and examples to support your opinion, including linking words (such as and, also, because, ...).
* Write informational pieces that include: introducing the topic, telling facts and definitions, words that tell order (first, next, then, after that, finally, ...) and a wrapup (ending).
* Write narrative pieces that recount an event (or series of events) and include: details that describe actions, thoughts, and feelings, words to signal order (first, next, then, after than, later, finally, ...), and a wrapup sentence that provides a sense of closure.

Speaking & Listening Standards
Priority standards that we will focus on this year in speaking and listening include:
* Participate in collaborative conversations in small and large groups.
* Follow agreed upon rules for discussion. For example, listen when other are speaking, look at the speaker, agree or disagree respectfully, etc.* Build on others' talk. For example, add an additional detail or example to something another person said.
* Ask for clarification and further explanation. For example, "Can you tell me how you got this answer?"

Math Standards
Priority standards that we will focus on this year in math include:
Numbers & Operations in Base Ten
* Read and write numbers to 1000 using baseten numerals, number names, and expanded form.
* Compare two threedigit numbers based on meanings of the hundreds, tens, and ones digits, using >, =, and < symbols to record the results of the comparisons.
* Fluently add and subtract within 100 using strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction.
* Add and subtract within 1000, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method. Understand that in adding or subtracting threedigit numbers, one adds or subtracts hundreds and hundreds, tens and tens, ones and ones; and sometimes it is necessary to compose or decompose tens or hundreds.
* Explain why addition and subtraction strategies work, using place value and the properties of operations.
Operations & Algebraic Thinking
* Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve one and twostep word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions, e.g., by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.
* Fluently add and subtract within 20 using mental strategies. By the end of Grade 2, know from memory all sums of two onedigit numbers.
Measurement & Data
* Measure the length of an object twice, using different units for the two measurements; describe how the two measurements relate to the size of the unit chosen.
* Estimate lengths using units of inches, feet, centimeters, and meters.
* Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve word problems involving lengths that are given in the same units. For example, by using drawings (such as drawings of rulers) and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.
* Tell and write time from analog and digital clocks to the nearest five minutes, using a.m. and p.m.
* Solve word problems involving dollar bills, quarters, dimes, nickels, and pennies, using $ and ¢ symbols appropriately.
* Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with singleunit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple puttogether, takeapart, and compare problems using information represented in a bar graph.
Geometry
* Recognize and draw shapes having specified attributes, such as a given number of angles or a given number of equal faces. Identify triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and cubes.
* Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares, describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc. and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape.

Mathematical Practices
We focus heavily on practice 1.
Practice 1:
Make sense of problems, and persevere in solving them.
Practice 2:
Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
Practice 3:
Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
Practice 4:
Model with mathematics.
Practice 5:
Use appropriate tools strategically.
Practice 6:
Attend to precision.
Practice 7:
Look for and make use of structure.
Practice 8:
Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.